The polyphemus story is perhaps the most wellknown of odysseus adventures. Murray then odysseus, of many wiles, answered him, and said. In book 9 of homers the odyssey, we learn more about his travels after the trojan war ended and why he still has not made. Actually, the best example is odysseus loss of his cool at the end of book 9, when he has triumphed over the cyclops and is sailing away. When the cyclops polyphemus was his name came home that afternoon, he blotted out the light in the doorway. They point to the pitiful prayer that he offers to his father, poseidon, and his warm treatment of his beloved sheep, who are soon to be devoured by odysseus and his men. Feb 22, 2015 however, at the same time we are invited by the text to sympathise with the monster, and to censure odysseus for his violence. In it, odysseus tells his king alcinous all about his fantastic and unusual trip to the underworld in which he did just that.
A trait that makes odysseus an epic hero is that he is very courageous and intelligence. In book 9 of the odyssey, odysseus uses trickery to escape the cave of the cyclops, and once he escapes, reveals himself. In book 9 of the odyssey, how heavy is the door of. In book 9 of homers odyssey, what are some quotes about odysseus s curiosity causing problems. The basic geographic orientation of the odyssey begins with troy, which was on the coast of the country known today as turkey. Odysseus narrative, book 9, featuring his encounter with the cyclops polyphemus, is traditionally called the cyclopeia. The primitive cyclops is helpless against mans cunning, and polyphemus whole world is left in ruins by odysseus tricks. The cyclops, though, show no piety to the gods, but he is no mere mortal as the son of.
He splits them up evenly amonst all the men, then they have a feast. As soon as polyphemus collapses with intoxication, odysseus and a select group of his men drive the redhot staff into his eye. Lord alcinous, renowned above all men, verily this is a good thing, to listen to a minstrel such as this man is, like unto the gods in voice. Odysseus insisted on entering the cave to befriend the cyclope polyphemus, therefor he was the one who initially put them in danger. This passage describes the first meeting of odysseus and his. Polyphemus remembered that a prophet once told him that he would be blinded by someone named odysseus and called out to his father. Odysseus is most responsible for the deaths in book 9 of the odyssey. There lay beside a sheeppen a great club of the cyclops, 320 a staff of.
It seems he was not such a weakling, then, cyclops, that man whose friends you meant to tear apart and eat in your echoing cave. But when the wine had stolen about the wits of the cyclops, then i spoke to him with gentle words. Odysseus realizes, however, that if the other monsters hear that cyclops is being attacked they will come to his rescue. Book 11, the section describing his meeting with the spirits of. The odyssey books 79 summary the odyssey by homer books 79 summary and analysis. Cyclops, take and drink wine after thy meal of human flesh, that thou mayest know what manner of drink this is which our ship contained. Compare and contrast goliath and polyphemus and david and odysseus. Odysseus creates a plan in order for him and his men to escape. Having blinded the cyclops, they only have one final problem now, which is how to get out of the cave.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the odyssey and what it means. What are some good examples of hubris in books 912 of the. His home island of ithaca was off the western coast of greece. Polyphemus makes a show of hospitality at first, but he soon turns hostile. Odysseus and his crew escape safely and are in open water when odysseus makes an arrogant move that almost costs them their lives. How does odysseus regard the cyclops based on the description. Odysseus is known for his wisdom and his cunning ways. Why does odysseus tell the cyclops his name is nohbdy. During book 9 of the odyssey, odysseus makes a daring move to get him and his men out of the cyclops cave.
They boarded swiftly and took their place on the benches then sitting in their rows struck the grey water with their oars. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Greek mythology for kids book 2 kindle edition by knowledge works company. Feb 04, 2018 actually, the best example is odysseus loss of his cool at the end of book 9, when he has triumphed over the cyclops and is sailing away. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Odysseus explains that he is the son of laertes, king of ithaca, who is attempting to travel home after battling in the trojan war.
Apr 06, 2017 this is a reading of an excerpt of books 9 of the odyssey by homer, translated by robert fitzgerald. He realized that the cyclops must be attacked for him to save himself and his crew, and planned far. Odysseus finally reveals his identity to alkinoos and the phaiakians. Nov 16, 2009 63 thoughts on question wk of 1115 the odyssey book 9 alyssa s november 16, 2009 at 4. How does odysseus regard the cyclops based on the description in lines 5667 of book 9. At the end of book 9, odysseus forshadows what will happen to all his men. Odysseuss encounter with the cyclops polyphemus reveals why poseidon has such antagonism toward him. Dec 04, 2011 50 thoughts on week of 124 the odyssey book 9 nick k 4 december 5, 2011 at 3. However, at the same time we are invited by the text to sympathise with the monster, and to censure odysseus for his violence.
In book 9 of homers odyssey, what are some quotes about odysseuss curiosity causing problems. The caves inhabitant soon returnsit is the cyclops polyphemus, the son of poseidon. I am not a professional, this was made for educational purposes. One epic simile in the fitzgerald translation of the odyssey is. In book seven odysseus is welcomed by king alcinous into his palace and is asked to tell the story of how he arrived on the island of the phaecians. Get an answer for in book 9 of the odyssey, how heavy is the door of the cyclopss cave. He devours two of odysseuss men on the spot and imprisons odysseus and the rest in his cave for future meals. Because of the greek belief that guests are protected by the gods and had to be treated with great courtesy, odysseus warns the cyclops that zeus will avenge the unoffending guest. This is an edit of the hallmark channels made for tv movie, the odyssey. What does zeus do to odysseus and his crew after they visit the cicons. I am odysseus, son of laertes, who 20 am known among men for all manner of. What is foreshadowed by the description of the cyclops. Odysseus can be considered an epic hero because he has some of the characteristics necessary to be one.
Lord alcinous, most illustrious of men, it is a fine thing, in truth, to hear a bard such as this, with a godlike voice. Cyclops, thou askest me of my glorious name, and i 365 will tell it thee. He starts by describing his homethe island of ithaca of courseand all of the surrounding islands. But when the wine had stolen about the wits of the cyclops. Most agree that the wanderings of odysseus took him to the vicinity of italy and sicily, although speculation has carried him as far afield as iceland. Odysseus and his men were sailing home from fighting in the trojan war, when a. What does odysseus do with all of the sheep and cheese that he stole from the cyclopes cave. Homers epic poem the odyssey tells the story of odysseus, greek hero of the trojan war. The cyclops, though, show no piety to the gods, but he is no mere mortal as the son of a god, he lives under different rules. He showed courage and intelligence when he was in polyphemus the cyclopss cave. Oct 24, 20 this is an edit of the hallmark channels made for tv movie, the odyssey. Book ix of the odyssey is called nekuia, which is an ancient greek rite used to summon and question ghosts. What is an epic simile from book 9 of the odyssey answers.
Odysseus tricked a wine drunk and blind cyclops, humiliated him by killing his goat, then taunted him from the safety. I took three semesters of homeric greek with the late anthony bolloch at berkeley, iliad 1, 6 and ody 1, 6, 9 not all of each book. Odysseus is telling his stories to king alcinous i, odysseus, sailed with my crew away from the safe shores of aeaean, circes island. Homer, odyssey book 9 theoi classical texts library.
He was the son of greek god poseidon, god of the sea. New coasts and poseidons sonin books 68, odysseus is welcomed by king alcinous, who gives a banquet in hishonor. The odyssey book 9 the cyclops context summary odysseus introduces himself and begins his story, starting with the moment his men leave troy. Book 11, the section describing his meeting with the spirits of the dead is known as the nekuia. The land of the dead odysseus and his crew set out for the land of the dead. What evidence is there that david was confident but not arrogant. He cant stop himself from insulting polyphemus personally, for a reason ill mention, and worst of all, ins. The cyclops is portrayed as a truly savage and cruel monster. But his pride in his name foreshadows odysseus questionable judgment in identifying himself during the escape from polyphemus. What does this description reveal about odysseus values as well as the values of the ancient greeks. So when the cyclops calls for help, the others will think that the gods caused the pain upon polyphemus.
This is a reading of an excerpt of books 9 of the odyssey by homer, translated by robert fitzgerald. Demodocus, the bard at alcinous court phemius, the bard at odysseus court odysseus himself, the hero of the tale poseidon, the father of the cyclops. In the episode the cyclops, odysseus is shown having the epic trait of cleverness. That night the king begs odysseus to tell who he is and what has happenedto him. I say myself there is nothing more delightful than when all the people feel this joy, and the banqueters sit in their rows, listening to the minstrel in the hall, tables in. When we were almost out of earshot, i shouted to the cyclops, mocking him. In the odyssey book 9 where did the cyclops live answers. Murray 1 then odysseus, of many wiles, answered him, and said.
Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. They stumbled into a cyclops cave, and the resident cyclops polyphemos sealed the entrance to the cave with a huge boulder and ate a few of the ithakans. Holt literature textbook 9th grade unit 11 the odyssey. For all of his stupidity and brutishness, polyphemus strikes some commentators as vaguely sympathetic at the end of book 9. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading odysseus and the cyclops odysseus. The odyssey book 9 the cyclops lyrics in this passage, odysseus and his men have just escaped the land of the lotuseaters, where they given fruit causing the crew to forget about going home. Study guide book 9 12 page 1 of 12 book ix book 9 p. Cyclops, in the end it was no weak mans companions you were to eat by violence and force in your hollow cave, and your evil deeds were to catch up with you, and be too strong for you, hard one, who dared to eat your own guests in your own house, so zeus and the rest of the gods have punished you. The savage monster and our heros cunning escape make for an excellent story of brains triumphing over brawn.
Odysseus did some of his patented trickery and managed to blind the monster. Odysseus gets the cyclops to drink lots of wine, here, cyclops, try this wineto top of the banquet of human flesh youve bolted down, the cyclops believes odysseus is a fool for giving him all the delicious wine when in fact he has cunningly tricked the cyclops into asking for more. He always portrays himself as selfabsorbed because of his knowledge, experience, and actions. The next four books books 9 12 deal with the heros wanderings and are the most widely known in the epic. The next four books books 912 deal with the heros wanderings and are the most widely known in the epic. But when he had busily performed his tasks, again he seized two men at once and made ready his supper. He is also in some respects antithetical to telamonian ajax shakespeares beefwitted ajax.
She replies that they must first visit the land of the dead and hear aprophecy from the ghost of tiresias. Describe what happens in the land of the lotuseaters. Mistakes are mine, not his, but we went over this translation pretty. They stay for one year, until odysseus finally begs her to let themgo home. Odysseus wants to visit the land of the cyclops to get food for his men.
Thrice i brought and gave it him, and thrice he drained it in his folly. Odysseus does not discuss, at this point, why he was. Find a summary of this and each chapter of the odyssey. How does odysseus show characteristics of an epic hero. To solve this problem, odysseus tells cyclops that. In book 9 of homers odyssey, the title character tells about his adventures in the land of the. Get an answer for in book 9 of the odyssey, how heavy is the door of the cyclops s cave. Chapter summary for homers the odyssey, book 9 summary. Have students read the story of david and goliath after reading the odyssey, book 9, where odysseus escapes the cyclops, in order to make connections between character and theme.1414 389 247 875 410 918 870 25 626 726 1580 798 1342 1411 943 540 1282 1224 873 877 646 1573 307 673 716 1308 823 544 263 1397 555 1490 584 319 366 1394 296